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Hardwood Floor Properties

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Hardwood flooring provides a choice of colors as unique as the wood itself; a floor that can reflect the individual tastes and lifestyle of the owner; a floor that can be maintained quickly and easily by use of today’s state-of-the-art maintenance products, and a floor that can be sanded and refinished to change color so home owners can always be color coordinated with new floor covering color and trends.

Red Oak, White Oak, Maple, Walnut, Merabau, Ebony, Ash, Hickory, Pine Cherry, Purple Heart, Beech, Birch, Mahogany, Kempas, Jarran, Teak and Chestnut are some of the many beautiful wood species used FDR flooring today.

Conklin Bros. / Abbey Carpets does two types of hardwoods installation. Pre-finished or on site custom sand, stain and finish.

Pre-finished hard wood flooring is hardwood flooring that is pre-finished by the manufacturer. These products come in various styles and qualities and can be installed virtually anywhere. Pre-finished hardwood flooring for most applications can be installed in a day or two with a fraction of the dust. Modern Technology has limited the disadvantages of over-wood and offer some exceptional finishes. Some limitations in custom installations.

On site custom sand, stain and finish installations traditionally take much longer to install than pre-finished installations. Unfinished hardwood is installed in the desired areas and left to “acclimate” to its environment. The floor is then sanded smooth to minimize overwood and give a consistent over all appearance. The floor can be stained to change shades, colors and hue. The options for custom installations are endless.

While there are other types of wood used for flooring, the majority in this country is oak. The other wood species will have properties and behavior similar to oak.

To begin, a tree grows with roots in the ground that collect moisture and nutrients from the soil and ship them through vessels or fibers up the trunk and branches to the leaves. These vessels are similar to the “strings” in a stalk of celery. The leaves mix the moisture, nutrients, carbon dioxide, sunlight creating photosynthesis and putting oxygen back into the atmosphere and therefore, food for the tree. The food is then shipped through other vessels, throughout the tree and back to the roots resulting in growth.

This information is provided to give understanding that a tree is made up of fibers aligned vertically in the standing tree. Once the tree is cut down, the fibers will, of course, run horizontal. Once boards are sawn and flooring is manufactured and installed, the fibers are still horizontal and running the length of the boards.

In the tree, the fibers are loaded with moisture. The tree, after felling, begins to dry out, just like a rose wilts after being picked. As the fibers dry, they shrink in thickness or diameter, shrinking almost none lengthwise. This shrinkage, characteristic of all woods, is of vital importance in the understanding of hardwood flooring.

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